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Notes on Beckwith Family Tree 1  

Generations 5 - 9 : Births 1700 to mid-1800's


Generation 5


Jonah Beckwith (I) (also written as Jonas, the New Testament form of the name, as well as Jonas Raven Beckworth). Interestingly there have been two competing theories as to where he came from - 

- born 1716 in Connecticut, USA, the grandson of a Mathew Beckwith who emigrated c1635 as part of the mass escape 1620-40 from religious intolerance. Paul Beckwith's book "The Beckwiths'  written in New York in 1891 claims that Matthew was born in Yorkshire c1610 but this has more recently been discredited while his assertion that he went over to the USA with John Winthropp jnr has yet to be proven. (Winthropp came from Groton in Suffolk, not many miles from Braintree & Bocking in Essex). When and why Jonah returned to England is not stated in the book but because the details of his offspring are pretty accurate, this part of Paul Beckwith's claims could well be true. 

- born 1708 in Bocking, Essex but with no age at death or parental info, it is impossible to be certain.

Whatever, he probably moved to London immediately after his marriage in 1745 and is variously afterwards recorded as living in Union Court, Church Lane, George Lane and Cross St., Hatton Garden with his occupation as an 'upholder'. In "A topographical dictionary of London", Cross Street is described as being off Wilderness Row "at No 12, 1st turning right (on Wilderness Row) from Goswell Road and extends into Great Sutton Street". Wilderness Row will frequently feature in later generations !

Roger T Beckwith quotes the chief 18th century authority on the language, Dr Johnson's Dictionary, as defining 'upholder' as an 'undertaker' which is in turn defined as 'one who manages funerals'. However, the website of the Worshipful Company of Upholders ( states that "Upholder is the archaic name for an upholsterer" and "In 1750 an Act of Common Council was obtained in order to ensure all those practising as upholders (otherwise known as upholsterers) in and around the City should become Freemen of the Company." Priscilla Henderson points out that "while an upholder could be an undertaker, an upholder was primarily an upholsterer, often working with a furniture maker, interior decorating and/or selling second-hand furniture, etc. The undertaking bit came from 'furnishing funerals' just as they furnished houses."

PH then adds "I have a Will for a Samuel Beckwith who died in 1804. He was an upholsterer, a partner in the furniture firm France and Beckwith, who were very well known and did major commissions such as the refurbishment of Hatfield House. He was obviously a wealthy man when he died as he left an 11 page Will with very detailed financial arrangements. More interesting are his, again, detailed instructions for his funeral, his coffin and its fittings. He mentions 3 brothers, one of whom is named as John in the final paragraph in which he rewards the men who will make his coffin etc. The upholder bit would seem to associate him with Jonah but the question is, who was he?". Answers on a postcard please.

More recently, PH has found more details of what an "upholder" did - "in early days, this is defined as being, "auctioneers, pawnbrokers, dealers in 2nd hand wears". The OED definition is "a dealer in small wares or 2nd hand articles (clothing, furniture, etc); a maker, repairer of of such things. The term 'upholsterer' only becomes frequent after 1750".

So it seems that Dr Johnson's dictionary definition wasn't quite in tune with the possible broader scope of an Upholder's work, at least within the City of London. Now back to Jonah Beckwith .... 

Jonah married Ann, born 1722/3, surname unproven but probably Stuck as a marriage has been traced for a Jonah Beckwith marrying Ann Stuck in Colchester on 25th July 1745 which fits well with the first child being born in 1746. (Rosemary Dearman, RTB, & MGS).  

On 5th August 1767, when his son Jonah became an apprentice silver turner, the address for Jonah (snr) is quoted as Cross Street, Hatton Garden and occupation as an 'upholder' in the parish of St Andrew, Holborn, Middlesex. When Jonah jnr obtained his Freedom of the Goldsmith's Company by Service in 1774, the address is simply "of Hatton Garden" (MGS)

The Parish Register entry for Jonah (jnr)'s elder sister Sarah gives her father's name as Jonas Raven BECKWORTH indicating that Jonah (snr)'s mother's maiden name could have been Raven, a local family which included silversmith Andrew Raven in 1706. Whilst Jonah (Jnr) was the first Beckwith to obtain the Goldsmith's freedom, it is just possible that he was following the profession of his paternal grandmother's family (PH/MGS)  Indeed an un-named  source using info from Goldsmith's records quotes Jonah senior's occupation as a 'Silver Turner' himself  in 1767 when Jonah Jnr's became an apprentice. However I have the feeling that this is probably a result of the author confusing the two Jonahs or mistaking the "occupation" entry as being "father's occupation" rather than what the erstwhile apprentice was doing at the time of obtaining his Freedom.  Fine, but then explain "Shopkeeper" against 2nd son James. Hmm. (MGS) 

According to the City of London Burials, Jonah was buried 12th October, 1775, Parish of St Andrew, Holborn. His address at death is given as Charles Street, Hatton Garden but sadly, neither his age or approx. year of birth is given so we are no closer to finding out where he came from. Charles Street (now Greville Street) runs from Leather Lane to Farringdon Street, crossing Hatton Garden. His wife Ann died on 9th April 1805, (PH per family bible) aged 82, then was buried on 12th April in St Andrew’s parish but she was a resident at Saffron Hill workhouse (just around the corner from Charles Street)  (PH/Parish Register)

Jonah & Ann had 10 children (almost all at 2 yearly intervals) - see 6.5.1 

Generation 6 


Offspring of Jonah Beckwith & Ann (5.1)  (source 'PR' = Parish Register)


Mary Beckwith - Bap St Andrews, Holborn, 17th March 1746* with parents' address = Union Court (now Ely Court) (PR) Died 1793 (PH). 

She married Humphrey HALL of Clerkenwell parish on 14th Jan 1772 at St Andrews, Holborn, a licence allegation having been made on 18/12/71 and the PR for the marriage showing them both as single. Hall is a very common name but to prove that we have the correct marriage entry, Jonah Beckwith was one of the witnesses.(PR) Humphrey was born on 14th May 1743 to John & Sarah Hall, baptised at St James Clerkenwell on 1st June 1743 (PR) and died in 1811 leaving in his will a guinea to each of his brothers-in-law, Jonah and James Beckwith, to buy a mourning ring (that there was no mention of either George or Samuel suggests that neither was still around in 1793 when the will was written).

Humphrey's will reveals that he was a 'carcass butcher' latterly in Peter St who had accrued land and property in and around Clerkenwell but by 1793 the couple had retired to Winchmore Hill, Middlesex. It had been thought by some that Mary died in 1793 but the Mary Hall who died in Edmonton district that year was, from her will, a spinster from Tottenham. 'Our' Mary was alive and well when she attended the Probate Court in 1811 as 'widow', 'relict' and residual beneficiary of her husband's will while she is then mentioned by her brother Jonah in his will written in 1815. Although corroborative evidence has yet to be found, her death was probably that of the 87 year old Mary Hall from Winchmore Hill buried on 2nd Dec 1831. Although one year out in age, she's the only one found from that part of Edmonton district so, rather than pre-deceasing her husband by 8 years it now looks as if she outlived him by 20 !  

Only one son has been positively traced - James - baptised 31st Jan 1766 at St Andrews Holborn (no, the year is not a mis-typing!), son of Humphrey & Mary Hall of Saffron Hill (PR). He followed in his father's footsteps as a butcher and obtained his Freedom of London in the Worshipful Company of Butchers. He also married a Mary - due to the commonness of the names, it is currently impossible to be 100% sure but the most likely spouse was Mary TAPLEY - at St Andrews Holborn on 24th Jan 1788 (PR/MGS)

James and Mary HALL had 2 children, Humphrey (bap 14th Feb 1792 at St Andrews, Holborn, "son of James & Mary of Peter St") (PR) and (yet another) Mary (dates not positively identified). Mary was still unmarried when her mother (Mary nee Tapley) died in 1829 (PH) 

Humphrey jnr also became a butcher, obtaining his Freedom in 1819 by Patrimony. He married Elizabeth Mary BELL (bc1788) "of this parish" at St Andrews on 20th Sep 1817 and they had James in 1818 (bap 11/10/18), Elizabeth in 1820 (bap 1/8/20, buried 6/3/23 "age 3 of Peter St"), Mary in 1823 (bap 14/5/23), another Elizabeth in 1825 (bap 31/1/25) and Sarah in 1827 (bap 11/7/1827), all baptisms & burials being at St Andrews, Holborn. Humphrey "of Peter St" died in 1829 at the age of 36 and was buried at St Andrews on 29/1/1829.(PR) 

Sarah possibly married a Joseph Lawrence in 1851 otherwise no further research undertaken so more info always welcome !


Ann Beckwith - Born 26th April 1748 & Baptised just 2 days later at St Sepulchre's, Holborn (28th April 1748) - parents' address given as Chick Lane and surname clearly written in the PR as Beckworth 

Two Ann Beckwiths died & were buried in St Andrew Holborn between 1775 & 1778 (MGS) and both had Last Address given as Leather Lane - just around the corner from Charles Street where Jonah (1) lived. (PH)  The first was buried on 20th September 1775 and the second on 9th.Aug.1778.  Alternatively, an Ann Beckwith b1748 died in Marylebone in 1814. Pay money & take choice time.


Sarah Beckwith (I) - Bap St Andrews, Holborn, 30th October 1750 and buried there 24th April 1752 when. parental address was given as Cross Street. Parish baptism record shows father = Jonas Raven BECKWORTH and mother = Ann. (PR/MGS)


Jonah Beckwith (II) - Born 24th Feb 1753, Bap St Andrews, Holborn 5th March 1753 (parents address given as Cross St) and again at St Sepulchre's, Holborn across the road a week later on 12th March (parents address is given as Chick Lane) (PR)

Jonah was the first member of the direct Beckwith family to become a qualified silversmith and obtain the Goldsmith's Freedom. His apprenticeship in 1767 was for seven years to Richard Wade, silver turner of Little Britain, London, "there being paid to my said master the sum of ten pounds of the charity of Richard Worth deceased, to apprentice forth poor boys of this parish". 

He was granted the freedom just over seven years later, on 5th October 1774, at which time his own address is also quoted as Little Britain (just north of St Paul's cathedral) and his occupation as 'silver turner' (MGS). It is believed that he worked for Hennells for 40 years so presumably did dot register his own hallmark (PH/Dawn Sorensen). When his son Joseph married for a second time in 1854, his father's occupation is shown as 'Silver Turner (deceased)' (G)

October 1774 proved to be a busy month for him as he married (as 'Joseph Beckwith') Mary Ann CALLENDER on 9th October 1774 in Newington, Surrey (PR/MGS). Mary Ann was born 19/9/1753 and Christened at Bermondsey Church. Died 5th August 1806 (of pleurisy when living in Church Row) and buried on 10th August in St. Lukes Back Church yard with her son James who had died the day before. (PR+PH). That death ref quotes his mother as Mary Ann CALLENDAR. (IGI) while Jonah's family bible gives her name as COLINDER. (PH) but a transcription of Jane Mollett's bible flysheet quotes CALLENDER as per the marriage register

In 1808, Jonah is shown to be renting property from Charter House - could this be Wilderness Row which bordered the north side of the grounds of Charterhouse School ?

"The revered and ever to be lamented" Jonah died on 24/2/1816, his 63rd birthday, "at two in the morning of Astmact and Water on the Chest". (PH)  Living in Clerkenwell at the time of his death, he was buried on 3rd March 1816 in St Luke, Old St (MGS)

For their offspring, see 7-6.4


Eleanor Beckwith - Bap St Andrews, Holborn 13th Dec 1754 "daughter of Jonah & Ann Beckwith of Cross Street". On 3rd Jan 1779 at St Mary, Newington (Elephant & Castle area), she married Joseph WOOD. (MGS - Anc). 

No more information known on Joseph except that he (or his eponymous son) very probably acted as a Witness to George Beckwith's marriage in Edmonton in 1807 (see 6.9 below). Eleanor died 10th May 1793, buried on 12th May in St Andrew’s and had been living in Charles Street. 

It had been thought that they might have had a daughter Eleanor but this is now looking unlikely but what does now seem certain is that they had five children in the space of the 14 years between their marriage and Eleanor's death - George (22/8/1780), Joseph (12/3/1782), James (27/3/1785) Mary Ann (22/7/1788) and Henry (19/11/1792), all these baptisms were at St Andrews, Holborn with all parental addresses quoted as Charles St. Because Wood is such a common surname, no further research has yet been undertaken.     

It is interesting that all events described are in a very small area except the marriage. Normally in the bride's parish, in this case was it Joseph Wood who came from south of the river ?. (MGS) 


Lucy Beckwith - Bap St Andrews Holborn, 24th Aug 1756 (IGI etc)

Although Lucy was not a common Christian name at this time, no further reliable trace of her can be found in any records.

The best that can be suggested is a Lucy Beckworth 'from Bartholemews' who was buried in St James's, Clerkenwell, in Sep 1801 but the age of 15 rather than 45 would have to be as a result of a transcription error when the burial register was compiled. Alternatively, she married either in 1776 (when she would have been 21) a James Brown in Saffron Walden in Essex (the Essex connection ??) or in 1793 to widower William Burgess in Spitalfields, London. . 


James Beckwith - Bap St Andrews Holborn, 24th Feb 1758. 

Like his brothers, he also became an apprentice silver/goldsmith. According to one unattributed source, he was apprenticed to John King on 1st July 1772 while, from Goldsmith's records, he obtained his Freedom by Service on 7th June 1780, at which time his address was Charles Street, Hatton Garden. Beneath 'Jonah' as father in one of the unattributed sources  is the occupation "Shopkeeper". As discussed under father Jonah above, this 'occupation' entry in some other Goldsmith's listings is not their father's occupation but what they were doing at the time of obtaining the Freedom or what they later did. In another unattributed tree and listing based on Goldsmith's records, he is shown as a "Goldsmith". "You pays yer money & takes yer choice"  (MGS) 

James married Mary WARRINGTON  (of St John's St.) at St Andrew Holborn on the 28th Sep 1783 (Katie de Haan). James signed the marriage register but Mary just made a mark. Witnesses were Jonah Beckwith (his brother) and James Hall (nephew, son of his eldest sister Mary & Humphrey Hall). Mary Warrenton [sic] was born on 10 July 1751 and baptised on 11th Aug at St Luke, Old St, the daughter of James Warrinton [sic] and Anna Maria nee Cockerell (who married in Portsea Hants on 7th June 1750. Anna was baptised in Gosport on 7th July 1730, daughter of George and Martha, but the birth of James Warrinton has not been traced).

Going back to James & Mary Beckwith, the Baptism record for their first child in 1784 reports them living in Long Lane, Clerkenwell but for their 2nd two years later it was "Quaker Buildings" which was by Smithfield Bars at the south end of St John St Clerkenwell. In all they had 5 children, the 1st and 4th both dying young while the death of the 5th has not yet been traced.

What then exactly happened to the family and why is not yet clear but, thanks to Helen Beckwith who found the relevant records, James was admitted to the City of London Paupers' Workhouse in Dec 1794 (having been brought from St Luke's hospital but he made his escape 3 days later through the hall window) and again in July 1795. On the latter occasion he was accompanied by his two sons George aged 9 and Thomas aged 7 but there is no mention of Mary either time. The discharge notes for James say that he was released to 'Mr Mills of Hoxton' on 8th Dec 1796 but died on 20th. This tallies exactly with an item on his elder sibling Jonah that says "James, his brother (died) of madness 20th Dec 1796 aged 39" (PH). He was buried 25/12/1796 in St John the Baptist, Clerkenwell but marked "From St Sepulchre's" (PR)  No positive death record has been traced yet for Mary but a 'prossible' is 1812 in St Pancras with burial on 10th Oct 1812 at St Giles in the Fields. (MGS)

For their offspring, see 7- 6.7


Sarah Beckwith (II) - Bap St Andrews Holborn, 18th Feb 1760

With such a relatively common name and the paucity of age info in early records, nothing can be definite but the most likely outcome is either death in 1772 by drowning at age 12 in Bridewell Dock (nr Blackfriars) followed by burial in Bridewell or death during Oct 1797 in Clerkenwell followed by burial in the non-conformist cemetery there on 29th Oct 1797. Either way this would tally with early family trees showing no spouse and no offspring for Sarah. 


George Beckwith - Bap St Andrews Holborn, 12th April 1762 

Nothing definite has been found for him after that, but it is possibly relevant that he is not in the list of "brothers in law" who benefitted from bequests by Humphrey Hall (eldest sister Mary's husband) in his will written in 1793.

It is possible that he married Sarah GRIMWOOD (GRIMWARD in some listings) in Edmonton on Oct 12th 1807. An alternative possible marriage is to Sarah Hollander at St Magnus the Martyr in 1810 but again the witnesses are of no assistance and no parents' names are quoted.


Samuel Beckwith - Bap St Andrews Holborn, 30th April, 1764.

Nothing definite has been found for him thereafter, but it is possibly relevant that he is not in the list of "brothers in law" who benefitted from bequests by Humphrey Hall (eldest sister Mary's husband) in his will written in 1793. Alternatively, there are burial records for a Samuel without any indication of age in Waltham Abbey (Waltham Cross) in 1798 and another in Lambeth Walk in 1811.

A witness record has been found dated 18th July 1798 when a Samuel Beckwith, an upholder of St Martin's Lane, London, gave evidence to the coroner. Although Samuel's father Jonah was an upholder, this is now believed to be the more famous cabinet maker who was in partnership with French, That Samuel died in 1804. 

Another intriguing alternative possibility is revealed by the baptism in 1814 at St Andrews, Holborn of Mary Ann Sarah Beckwith, daughter of Mary Ann & Samuel B, brass founder of Hatton Wall - typical Beckwith occupation and location. Apart from a possible marriage of a Samuel to a Mary in 1811 in Chelsea, nothing has been found which anywhere near substantiates this possibility. 

See also Appendix 1 re Old Bailey proceedings possibly involving himgoogleb10e3092d5e578a2.html

Generation 7 


Offspring of Jonah Beckwith (II) & Mary Callendar (6.4)


Mary Beckwith  - born 16/1/1775 in Staining Lane. (PH) Christened at St Ann & St Agnes, Gresham St on 12th Feb 1775. She also appears in the PR of St John Zachary, Gresham St, the same day and with the same details but this is probably as a result of the two parishes having been combined after the Great Fire of London and the decision taken not to rebuild the latter. As per Jonah's marriage record, he appears here too (under father's name) as 'Joseph'. 

"Married John Brown, Smith of Goulston Square, Whitechapel. Had 5 children". (PH) Some records quote him as "John Brown Smith" with no comma but this is probably an error of omission in the transcription. (MGS). A fitting marriage has now been found at St Olave's, Bermondsey (now Southwark) on 21st Aug 1796.  Neither of the witnesses seem to have been members of either family while both bride & groom are shown as 'Of This Parish' so presumably Mary was working south of the river - possibly as a servant - when she met John and they didn't wait too long after she was 21 to marry.

No death record has been found as yet for Mary but a family bible flysheet transcription quotes her death 'age 48' (= 1823) while another confirms the whole story by saying "Mary Brown of Gulston Street Whitechapel married John Brown, smith, had a numerous family and died May 1823 and was buried in Whitechapel Churchyard". The spelling 'Gulston' in the early 19th century seems later to have given way to 'Goulston'; in fact Goulston Street still exists, running parallel and next east to Middlesex Street - the famous "Petticoat Lane". Perhaps it should really be Ghoulston as this was one of the hunting grounds of "Jack the Ripper"  


Joseph Beckwith - Born 11 Nov 1776, died 3rd Dec 1860 at age 84

To do full justice to his interesting story, a separate tree has been devoted to him, his wives and offspring.

Please see Tree 11 


Sarah Beckwith - Born 30/1/1779 in Aldermanbury. Bap at St Giles, Cripplegate 28/2/1779, daughter of 'Joseph Beckworth' (PR). 

Married (by banns, despite her being under 21) on 18th Aug 1799 at St Saviour, Southwark (Surrey)  James JACKSON (b1780), a watch case maker of St Lukes. (MGS/PH/PR). James obtained his Goldsmith's Freedom by Patrimony in 1825/6 (MGS).

Sarah "Died 26/9/1837 aged 58 in consequence of a fall from her Chaise having five broken ribs and other fractures. (PH)

As can be seen from the "Morning Advertiser" newspaper cutting dated 29th Sep 1837 kindly supplied by Sheelah Cooper, the accident happened while the couple were descending Haverstock Hill on their return from Hampstead Heath. James was driving but the combination of a newly acquired horse and the distraction of two over-flying balloons resulted in a minor bump against the carriage in front, the horse bolting and the chaise turning over on top of Sarah.

She was buried in St Luke's on 1st October 1837 (MGS)

Sarah has the dubious distinction of having an entry in the registers for the Sep Qtr of 1837, the very first set produced under the then new BMD registration laws. 

It is currently believed that they had eight or possibly nine children but confirmation of this is actively being sought. According to PH, at the time of her death the couple had "Five sons and one daughter living".

** more info to be added here **


James Beckwith - b 31st Jan 1781, Bap St Mary the Virgin, Aldermanbury (London) 21st Feb 1781 - the first of his children to be recorded at the outset in the PR with father's name as Jonah Beckwith. 

He was apprenticed in 1801 to Robert Lyon and Gregory Watkins, "plater, founder, and ironmonger" at No. 107 Longacre (PH) but an un-named Goldsmith's source says it was on 2nd March 1796 to "Nathaniel Potticary - turned over to father 5th Aug 1801" at which time his address was Charles Street, Hatton Garden. Presumably then his father Jonah secured in 1801 the (alternative) apprenticeship to Lyon & Watkins - See also Appendix 1 re Old Bailey proceedings which involved him in 1801 and proved his later apprenticeship to Watkins. (MGS). Whatever he obtained his Goldsmith's Freedom by Service on 1st June 1803 at which time living in "St Luke's, Old St" . 

He became a silversmith (RTB) but died 4th Aug 1806 at the age of just 25 when living at White Cross St (PR) - drowned in the River Thames 'opposite Duke's Head Landing', Lambeth. (IGI - confirms correct James by giving  parents names but quotes death date as 1st August). Buried on 10th August in St. Luke's Back Church yard with his mother (Mary nee Callender - 6.4 -  who died on Aug 5th) "leaving a wife and two children, the son later dying"

On 19th Sep 1803 at St John's Hackney, he married Mary SUMNER. On the church register, his surname looks more like Beckworth - so it has been indexed as such - but his signature below that is clearly Beckwith. The marriage was by Banns, witnessed by John Brown and Dorothy Hart and both bride & groom are described as being "of this parish" so he must have moved from Old Street very soon after obtaining his Goldsmith's freedom. Mary was christened at St Giles, Cripplegate, on 28th Aug 1780, daughter of William and Mary SUMNER, the former possibly being the William Sumner, silversmith, who was apprenticed to Thomas Chawner in 1763. (PH)   Less than a year after James died, Mary took  "house-hunting" rather literally, marrying John May HOUSE on 17th May 1807 at St Mary's Islington. The marriage was again by Banns and, to prove that it was the right Mary Beckwith, she is described as a widow and one of the witnesses was a John Sumner. (GD/MGS).

Under the terms of her father in law (Jonah)'s will drawn up in 1815, Mary was to receive the same share as James's siblings.  James & Mary's two children mentioned in the obit were:

Mary Ann Beckwith - b 1804 'in St Luke, Middx'. She subsequently married a Samuel TAME (bc 1801 in Shoreditch), a solicitor's clerk. By 1841 when they were living in Ironmonger Row, St Luke, City Road (close to her Mum - Mary House - see below), they had produced 7 Tame children: Mary (c1826), Alfred (c1826), Frederick(1829), Samuel (1833), Charles (1835), James (1837) and Edmund (1840) while Emily came along in 1842. In 1851 the family had moved east to 13 John St, Mile End but by 1861, Samuel had died and all but one of the children had flown the nest so she is listed as a Widow, age 56, "Childs School Mistress" with Edmund, now a "Gold Beater", at 10 Nelson Street, West Side, Bethnal Green. Skipping ahead to 1881, she has moved back to St Luke's and, as a Pensioner aged 76, she is living with youngest daughter Emily, now Mrs Thomas NEWMARCH, and her family at 27 Bart Sq. Mary Ann Tame died in Holborn district in 1889 at the (correctly) quoted age of 85.

James Jonah Beckwith - b 20th Nov 1806 (= almost 4 months after his father had died), Bap St Lukes, Old St, Finsbury 6th March 1807, died 27th Nov 1808. 

Mary nee Sumner had more children after marrying John House including :
  John House b1813
  Charles House b1816
  Rosetta House b1823
who were shown in the 1841 as living with Mary (but no John snr) at Richmond Street, St Luke, City Road.

NB Early family trees compiled primarily using Goldsmith's Freedom data have the offspring of this James and Mary transposed with those of James b1757 (6.7) (= this James's uncle) whose wife was also Mary ie 

  • The above James Jonah Beckwith b 1806 was shown as being the son of James b1757 & Mary but this is impossible as that James died in 1796.

  • Thomas Beckwith who married Sarah (7.73 below) was shown as the son of this James (b1781) based an estimated birth date for Thomas of after 1800. Thomas is now known to have been born in 1788 which makes this lineage impossible. 


Ann Beckwith - Born 28/2/1783 in Church Row. Christened at St Lukes 30/3/1783 (father's name back to Joseph again !).

She married James WALKER, a Watch Case Maker of Goswell Street, on 26th October 1817 at St Mary's Newington, Surrey. Although the marriage record shows him as Thomas Walker, it is believed to be the correct marriage because one of the witnesses was Elizabeth Ivory, Ann's sister (7.49 below)  so perhaps James was his second/popular Christian name. 

"Their first child was christened on 17th January 1819 at St James Clerkenwell in a double ceremony with his cousin: 
- James son of James & Ann WALKER, Great Sutton Str, Gent, born 31 July 1818 
- George, son of George & Elizabeth IVORY, Compton Str, Silversmith, born 5 December 1818
Note the intriguingly different ways the fathers describe their calling in life". (Katie de Haan) Although Great Sutton St is one of the side turnings off Wilderness Row, the original register entry looks more like Great Saffron Street, but that seems to have been close-by too (MGS)

It is believed that the Walkers had three children but a family bible note says "2 in 1833" presumably indicating that one had died by then. In both the 1841 and 1851 censuses, the family is in Hackney comprising just Thomas employed in 'Customs', wife Ann and son James, a 'Cabinet Maker' or 'Cooper' respectively. No death for Ann has been positively traced but was presumably before 1871 as Thomas is in that census living as a lodger in Rutland Road Hackney and shown as 'Supt Customs Officer' 'blind for 16 years'. He died in Hackney in 1874.   

Please note - there are one or two elements of this story which don't quite add up at the moment, particularly the swift change of occupation from 'watch case maker' to 'gent'. Any clarification most welcome ! 


William Beckwith - b 3rd Dec 1784, Bap St Lukes, Old St, Finsbury 28th Dec 1784. "Died young" (RTB). This is confirmed by PH - "Born 3/12/1784 in Church Row. Died of Small Pox 16/7/1785 and buried in St Lukes Back Church yard." Burial of the "small child" was on 18/7/1785 (PR) but the entry is not easy to find as it has been indexed as 'Beckwitch'


George Beckwith - b 11 Sep 1786, Bap St Lukes, Old St, Finsbury 4th Oct 1786. 

He was apprenticed to William Hunter of East Row, Hoxton as a goldsmith 3rd March 1801 upon payment of £5/5/- (5 guineas) of the charity of the Goldsmiths Company. First mark entered as a smallworker 7th March 1804 at 6, Clerkenwell Green. Obtained Goldsmith's Freedom by Patrimony on 4th Nov 1807 at which time still living in Islington - note again that like his brother Joseph, this was by Patrimony rather than Service. (RTB/MGS).  

Died 8/2/1844 aged 57 years and buried in the New Burying Ground of West Kirk Edinburgh (St Cuthberts Church Yard). His occupation according to his son’s marriage certificate was Silversmith. He was listed in the Edinburgh Directory of 1842 at a shop 2, Earl Grey St., Edinburgh. They must have lived above the premises from some time prior to 1840 when Robert Stevens was born (PH) and this is the family's address in the 1841 census. But who is the George age 20 (so b1816-21) in the family with them ?? See para 8.45 of Tree 11a Notes for the probable answer. (MGS) 

Married c 1820 Margaret STEVENS - no marriage record so far traced. She was the daughter of Thomas Stevens and Phoebe (sometimes Phebe) Boileau of Ball Alley - born 1/1/1804, bap 19/02/1804 at St Leonard's in Shoreditch (PR). It has been suggested that she emigrated to the USA with son Stevens in 1849 but the 1851 census of Edinburgh clearly shows that she and youngest son Robert were still there then while her two daughters Margaret and Mary who emigrated with them are also listed not too far away working in service, so they must all have left mid 1851 (MGS/PH). Sadly she did not last long in the USA as she died at Spring St, New York of Cancer of the Womb 20/3/1853. Buried in Greenwood Cemetery in Brooklyn, Grave # 1115 Lot # 2458. Aged 49 years two months and twenty days.(PH)

For offspring, see 8-7.47  


Robert William Beckwith (I) - b 13th Feb 1788, Bap St Lukes, Old St, Finsbury 16th March 1788. (RTB). Grimshaws quotes him under ref 2277 as "son of Jonah Beckwith of the parish of St Lukes, silversmith. Apprenticed to Samuel Hennell of Foster Lane as a silversmith, 3rd March 1802 on payment of £7. 14s. 0d. of the charity of the Goldsmiths' Company. Free 6th December 1809. Mark entered as plateworker, 27th May 1811. Address 25 Wilderness Row, as his brother Joseph above."  When he obtained his Goldsmiths' Freedom by Service in 1809, their records say that he was living in Old Street, but this is just across the road from Wilderness Row and possibly sounded rather more salubrious. Just to confuse matters, his address in an 1811 directory was 26 St John St (at right angles to the western end of Wilderness Row) and was still this 8 years later. 

According to page 36 of "House of Commons, Parliamentary Papers" vol 14 entitled "Excise of England, Clerks & Others Admitted", Robert William Beckwith is shown as being appointed as an "assistant" on Feb 3rd 1816 at the princely salary of £90 per annum, but quite what the " 17 d * Candles" means as the department/location isn't known.

On 8th Jan 1818 at St Andrews Church in Holborn he married Ann(e) HAINES, sometimes written HAINS. Born in mid 1788 and baptised on 24th Sept that year at St Matthew, Bethnal Green, Ann was the eldest of the many children of James HAINES and Ann LIGHTFOOT. They had married at the same church on 11th June 1787 and this explains the middle name of 'Lightfoot' for one of Ann & Robert William's offspring. From the baptismal churches of Ann's siblings, it appears that the family moved via St Leonards in Shoreditch (the one used in the 'Rev' TV series), Christchurch in Spitalfields (that big one by Nicholas Hawksmoor that's right opposite the market) thence to, surprise surprise, St James Clerkenwell where their abode was in King St in the late 20's. (MGS) 

After having borne seven children, Ann died in childbirth in Jan 1833 aged 43 (PH). This date of death is confirmed by a burial entry in the PR for 25th Jan 1833 at St Luke, Old Street, which again gives her age as 43 (should really be 44). The address at death is quoted as "From Chelsea" with "St George Hanover Sq" in small writing above. This could indicate that the family had already by then moved to Pimlico (a then new suburb which was still part of the very large parish of St George, Hanover Square, but is a stone's throw from Chelsea) or that she was in hospital on the Chelsea/Westminster border (of which there were several at that time). Certainly in 1836, when his son (Robert William Beckwith (II)) became an apprentice silversmith, Robert William (I) is shown as living in Commercial Road, Pimlico, while in 1841 he is shown as an 'Excise Surveyor' in West St, Pimlico. (Commercial Road is the south-west extension of Buckingham Palace Road down to Chelsea Bridge Road which was renamed Ebury Bridge Road in 1917 while West Street was a turning off Commercial Road which became today's St Barnabus also in 1917) 

RW has been traced in 1851 (as Robert Beckworth) to Wood Side Cottage, North Hill, Highgate (just yards away from where other Beckwiths lived post 1910). He is described in the index as "Superanuated Supervisor of Exclude" - a Freudian slip by the transcriber ? - and is accompanied by daughter Ann (28, single, occupation 'none'), Joseph (21, single, Boot Maker) and niece Emma Beckwith (5, born St Brides)*. 

It then seems that he totally changed sides (of the Thames, that is) for in 1861 he had ventured 'over the bridge' as far as Norfolk Place, Lambeth (near Lambeth Walk) where he is listed as a "Supervisor of Excise" and accompanied now only by daughter Ann (38). However in 1871 he is down in deepest, darkest Peckham - real 'Del Boy Territory' . Here, in Camden Terrace (near Rye Lane & very convenient for Primark) he's an 83 year old "Late Supervisor of Excise". Still living with him is his daughter Ann (47) and they are this time joined by his grandson Robert William Beckwith (III), a "junior clerk in a solicitor's office" aged just 16. 

Robert William (I) probably then stayed 'south side' as his death is recorded five years later in the Registration district of Lambeth 12th Feb 1876, one day short of his 88th birthday. (MGS - per Ann's relief app.)

For the offspring of Ann and Robert William, see 8-7.48

* Just who she is remains a mystery. No matching birth can be found in FreeBMD - the Emma Beckwith in Newington born in 1846 seemed the most likely but she transpires to be the daughter of a Thomas & Jane, not currently known to be related, while Emma Harriet Beckwith b Sep qtr 1847 in Islington is the daughter of a Charles from Yorkshire. Moreover she is not immediately apparent in the 1861 census so she is currently considered more likely to be a niece on Ann Haines's side and the census enumerator suffering from that well-known disease - the plague of the dittos.    


Elizabeth Beckwith - b 24th October 1789 in Church Row, Bap St Lukes, Old St, Finsbury 15th Nov 1789 (RTB, PH & PR). Father "Silversmith" (PR)  

She married on 9th April 1815 at St Saviour, Southwark, George IVORY, a silversmith of 53 Compton Street, Clerkenwell, both though being described as 'of this parish' (PR). George was born around 1786 in Bethnal Green but this Compton St address remained unchanged throughout George & Elizabeth's married life. George was the son of Sage Ivory (1740-1804) and Mary Laurent (c1755-1847) (MGS)

Tea set by George Ivory snr 1845 - sold on E-Bay Apr 2014 for £1000

From Goldsmiths records, it seems that towards the end of his life, George was in poor health due to asthma so applied to them for relief (KdH). George died in early May 1853 and on 15th May was buried at St Luke's Finsbury. 

There has been some uncertainty in the past about when Elizabeth died because at least three people of the same name from the same area were buried between 1853 and 1861 but it has now been proved to be June 1861 because after son George suffered marital problems and virtual bankruptcy, the registered mark of the family business became EI in October 1860 at 8 St James Walk, the same address as quoted on her burial record. 

So, at over 70 years of age, Elizabeth took on the business herself ! Some prestigious pieces were produced in the 9 months before her death including a cream jug for Turners of Bond St which was marked as being made from silver looted from a royal palace in China during the 2nd Opium War. Upon Elizabeth's death, youngest son Alfred registered the business in his name. (MGS)   

For details of their children, please see 8-7.49 below 


William Henry Beckwith - b 16th Dec 1792,  Bap St Lukes, Old St, Finsbury 20th Jan 1793. (RTB & PH) Died 30/12/1795 of Water on the Brain. Buried in St. Lukes Back Churchyard.(PH) Parish registers quote his name as Henry Beckworth, the burial as being on 5th Jan 1796 in St Luke's, Old Street and cause of death as 'measles' (KdH/MGS per PR)


Charles Beckwith - b 1st Oct 1796, Bap St Lukes, Old St, Finsbury 30th October 1796. (PR)  Died aged 6 months on 24/4/1797 of convulsions. Buried in St Lukes Back Churchyard.(PH) on 30/4/97, cause of death = "Whooping Cough", name written as "Charles Buckith" (MGS per PR)  


Offspring of James Beckwith & Mary (6.7)


James Beckwith - b 14th Sep 1784 in Long Lane, Clekenwell, Bap St Sepulchre's, Holborn 17th Oct 1784 (PR). He died aged 5 in April 1790 and was buried at St James's Clerkenwell on 18th April, address given as St John St. He hadn't previously been found because the funny mark after the age of '5' in the PR had been transcribed as 51. His name was re-used for the next born sibling in 1793.  


George Beckwith - b16th Apr 1786 at "Quaker Buildings", Bap St Sepulchre's, Holborn 21st May 1786 (PR).  As noted under his father, he spent some 18 months in the City of London Workhouse from July 1795 until after his father's death. The release note says for 16th Jan 1797 "Gon [sic] on liking to Mr Dowsinger of 34 High St Shadwell". 

No definite marriage has yet been found but a possible is to a Sarah Gardner on 3rd June 1816 in St Andrews Holborn, the one shred of supporting evidence being that one of the witnesses was a George Hicks who was also witness to two other Beckwith marriages - Mary Beckwith (to Atkins) in 1817 & Robt Wm in 1818 

He died age 38 and was buried on 4th April 1824 in Spa Fields Burial Ground, his address at time of death having been St James, Clerkenwell. (MGS per PR)  

See also Appendix 1 re Old Bailey proceedings possibly involving him. 


Thomas Beckwith - b 23rd March 1788 (mss dates sheet - see below), Bap St Sepulchre's, Holborn 11th May 1788, d 29th Oct 1864. 

Like his brother George, he also spent time in the City of London Workhouse from July 1795, but in his case it was almost exactly 2 years to the day. Unfortunately it is not clear from the release notes who was to care for him.

He obtained Goldsmith's Freedom by Patrimony on 1st August 1821 at which time living in Bedfordbury. Later he lived at St Andrew's Hill, thence Crane Court and Bowling Green Lane (RTB) - he was certainly at Bowling Green Lane working as a porter in 1832 when his son Thomas was baptised in Clerkenwell (MGS)

In 1823 in Clerkenwell Thomas married Sarah PRICKETT who was born in Aylesbury on 4th Dec 1796 (mss dates sheet) and died in Islington Mar qtr 1868, age 71. Positively identified only in mid-2015 as a result of some Buckinghamshire records at last coming on line, it was previously thought that her name was possibly Sarah IVATTS. This was because son Thomas John recorded in his diary for May 1865 the death of Uncle Ivatts - one Henry Ivatts who died in Chelsea aged 76 (so bc1789) and who appears in the 1861 census as born in Aylesbury. The thinking thus was that since both he and Sarah were from the same place and born at about the same time, they were possibly brother & sister, a thought compounded by Thomas & Sarah's son Thomas John naming his second-born son George Ivatts Beckwith.

Turns out that this theory was half right - they were actually half brother and sister. Sarah's father William Prickett (from Aylesbury) married an Ann Ivatts in St Andrews, Holborn on 27/4/1796. Ann nee THORPE was born in Aylesbury in 1763 and married a John Ivatts of Aylesbury in Aylesbury in 1785. In the following 6 years they had 5 children (all born & baptised in Aylesbury), amongst whom was said Henry (actually born late Dec 1787). John Ivatts died between 1791 an 1796 and a fitting death record has been found for him in Aylesbury in 1792. Just how come Ann Ivatts (presumably accompanied by her 5 children) ended up marrying in St Andrews is a mystery, ditto husband William too, but it is believed that Ann died in 1801 shortly after the birth of the couple's 3rd child (another) Ann. 

Birth Dates for Thomas, Sarah & family

Birth Dates etc for Thomas, Sarah & family probably written by son Thomas John  

In the 1841 census Sarah is shown as "Coffee House Keeper" aged '40' in Hatton Wall with children Ann (18), James (12) and John (4) but no sign there of husband Thomas or indeed son George. Their whereabouts remained a mystery for some years but an entry has now been found in Richmond Road, Twickenham for Thomas (age 50 and a labourer) plus George aged 6. Although it's pretty clear from the original hand-written census page that the surname is Backworth (so has been indexed by Ancestry.Com as Balkwill !!), the ages are spot on (given the rounding of adult ages in 1841) and Thomas may not have known how to spell the name out to the Enumerator. 

Hatton Wall ran between the notorious Saffron Hill of Dickens Fagin fame and Hatton Garden. The Post Office Directory for 1848 lists Thomas as the proprietor of the Coffee House at 31 Hatton Wall. In the 1851 census, Sarah is again shown as a "Coffee House Keeper" living at 31 Hatton Wall, but this time aged 54 and born in Aylesbury, and living with 1st, 3rd & 4th sons James (21), George (16) & John (13) plus 5 sundry lodgers (including a silversmith and another gas fitter). However there's no sign of any of daughters ... and again no husband Thomas. This time he has probably been traced to the Stewards Office in Lincoln's Inn Fields where he is shown as working as 'Porter on Night Duty'. Birth in Clerkenwell is correct for 'our' Thomas but the age is 60 (rather than just 63). A plausible scenario arises from Thomas's apparently unskilled jobs combined with Sarah having to run a Coffee House and take in lodgers. This is that son Thomas John was just one too-many mouth to feed or body to accommodate so was packed off to be brought up by others.     

Thomas hasn't been traced in 1861 yet but son Thomas John records in his diary for 29th Oct 1865 "Anniversary of father's death" and a corresponding death is registered for a Thomas Beckwith in Clerkenwell in Dec qtr 1864. Sarah (who died just after Thomas in 1868 in Islington) has also yet to be traced in the 1861 census but it is believed that the 1861 census for parts of Saffron Hill were destroyed.

 For offspring, see 8-7.73


Frederic(k) Beckwith - Born 1st Jan 1790, Bap St Sepulchre's, Holborn 24th Jan 1790 [IGI} Died December 1790 and buried as an 'infant' at St James's Clerkenwell 5th Dec 1790 with address given as St John St. (PR)


James Richard Beckwith - b 13 Nov 1793, Bap St Sepulchre's, Holborn 1st Dec 1793

Nothing more known.


NB (1) - Although eligible for Freedom by Patrimony, none of the boys except Thomas is recorded as having sought the Freedom. This could indicate death before majority or emigration. 


NB (2) - James Jonah Beckwith (b 20th Nov 1806) was shown on a Goldsmith's derived tree to be another son of this James & Mary but, this James having died in 1796, this is not possible. He was actually the son of James's nephew James (7.44) who, confusingly, in 1803 had also married a Mary.

NB (3) - a Mary Beckwith (b1791) has also been ascribed in the past to this James & Mary but no evidence has been found to support this.  

There was also an Anne Beckwith, daughter of a James and Mary but her age of 13 at death in Clerkenwell in April 1794, if it was correctly reported, casts some doubt on this being a child of this couple. 


 Generation 8



Offspring of George Beckwith & Margaret Stevens (7.47)


Stevens Beckwith - Born 21/5/1824 in Carnegie St Edinburgh about half past three in the morning. Christened Edinburgh on Monday 7/6/1824. Goldsmith's Freedom by Patrimony on 6th October 1847 (the only one of George's children to obtain the Freedom) at which time the Freedom certificate quotes him as "of Edinburgh" but another source gave it as Half Moon Crescent, Islington . 

He emigrated to the USA in 1849, initially to New York thence Boston and finally Providence, Rhode Island. He married (twice) and had four children by his first wife. When he died, his obit quotes him as having been the 'oldest living silversmith' .


Details of his 9 siblings to be added here ...soon.


Offspring of Robert William Beckwith (I) & Ann Haines (7.48)


Robert William Beckwith (IIa) - bc late 1818/early 1819, buried as an 'infant' 24th April 1819 at St James Clerkenwell - parental address given as St John St (Clerkenwell). 

Note - despite a longhand trawl through the parish records from mid-1818 onwards, no baptism has been found which may have given parents' names and there's nothing about them in the burial record, so as suggested by Rosemary Dearman, it is conceivable that this child is instead that of Joseph with Mary Pittard  (7.42 above). Given that the two families lived & worked in very close proximity if not together, it really is a case of "you pays yer money and you takes yer choice" 


Robert William Beckwith (IIb) - b  late1820, baptised 21st Jan 1821 at St James Clerkenwell.

A copy of his Indenture of Apprenticeship dated "the sixth year of the reign of William IV" (= 1836) suggests that at least he started out with the intention of becoming a silversmith (like his father) but in fact he became an optician. Hence, on 6th Feb 1850 he obtained his Goldsmith's Freedom by Patrimony, rather than by Service, at which time he was quoted by Goldsmith's as an optician living at Montpelier Row in Walworth. In the 1851 census he is shown as being a 'son' of the Adamson family residing at 2 Princes Row in Walworth despite occupying a separately scheduled part of the property (!) with occupation of "Chronometer Maker". 

In Sep 1/4 1851 he married Heloise Petronelle Estelle CAPELLE (b1830/1) somewhere in the large parish of St George's, Hanover Square.  No marriage register entry has yet been found in St George's but the banns were also read on 27/7, 3/8 and 10/8/51 at St Michael's in Highgate where he is shown to be 'of this parish' (his father was living there in the 1851 census) whereas she is of St George's. In both the 1861 & 1871 censuses Heloise is shown as born in Calais, France, but age is 31 in the former year and 40 in the latter.

The 1861 census shows Robert William in West St, Newington (Elephant & Castle part of the Walworth ward of the parliamentary borough of Lambeth) as an Optician with wife Heloise and the three children living at that time (Robert William III, 6, Joseph H, 4 and Henry, 1) while the 1871 census shows the family at 17 Hollington St in Camberwell ("Surrey") now comprising Robert William (now described as a Watch Maker), Heloise, Joseph (14), Henry (11)  and Anne (5).   Heloise died in Lambeth in June qtr 1879 at age 49 so in the 1881 census Robert William is back in Newington (at 24 Albridge Street) as a 60 year old watchmaker together with the same 3 surviving younger children. In 1891 he's still at the same address but now only with Ann (25) as Housekeeper.

A death record for a Robert William aged 78 has been found for Dec 1/4 1899 in the Brentford reg district of Middlesex and this is proven by his Probate (which was to son Robert William (3)) which gives date of death as 3rd Oct 1899 and address as 14 Goldsmiths' Buildings in Acton, West London. These buildings were a type of  almshouse ("bijou property" in today's real estate-speak) and, as the name suggests, they were run by the Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths, thereby neatly explaining why his demise was in such a 'foreign' part of the capital.   

Goldsmiths Almouses in Acton - 1905        Goldsmiths Almouses in Acton - Today

Goldsmiths' Almshouses in Acton (Left) in 1905, just after RW had died (photo courtesy Acton History) & (Right) as now. 

For offspring of Robert William (II) & Heloise -  please see Tree 7 


Ann Beckwith b 25th May 1822 in Clerkenwell, bap 16th June 1822 at St James Clerkenwell. 

Her mother died when she was ten and she was the only girl so it seems thereafter to have been her lot in life to have kept house for her father and sundry other relatives too. She is listed in the various parental homes around London from 1841 to 1871 - see her father for details (7.48 above) - so never had a paid occupation. 

Being virtually without income after her father's death in Feb 1876, she made application to the Goldmiths for relief. Address given was 170 Loughborough Road, Brixton and was supported by a Mr Ivory, possibly cousin George bur more likely his brother Alfred.

Photos kindly supplied by Jessica Bridge Frances

 In 1881, five years after her father had died, she is shown at 170 Neptune Villas in Lambeth, aged 58, still unmarried and still no occupation. She died still a spinster on 4th January 1890 in Lambeth at the recorded age of 67, the Probate record giving her address as 170 Akerman Road, North Brixton (same abode as before ?) was proved in the not inconsiderable sum of £774/15/1 by Robert William Beckwith of Abbotsleigh, 8 Bournevale Road, Streatham "Solicitor's Managing Clerk, the Nephew the sole Executor".  .


Mary Beckwith b 25th May 1822 in Clerkenwell, bap 16th June 1822 at St James Clerkenwell. Parental address given (for both Ann & Mary) as King Street which tallies with that given on the burial record in the same church on 4th July 1824 for a Mary Beckwith aged 2.   


Thomas Lightfoot Beckwith -  bap 17 Apr 1826 at St James Clerkenwell, Lightfoot being the maiden surname of his mother's mother. Parental address shown as King St.

Listed as a builder, age 15 in 1841 at parental home in Pimlico.

Thomas Beckwith died aged 20 in mid 1846 and was buried on 26th July in Highgate Cemetery. His street address at the time of death is unclear in the burial register but it was a certainly in Camden Town, London NW.


James Beckwith - b 22nd March 1828, bap 20th April 1828 at St James Clerkenwell. Parental address again shown as King St., father's occ = Silversmith..

Listed as age 13 in 1841 at parental home in Pimlico. 

It had been thought that he had left London on 15th June 1848 bound for Australia aboard the ship "John Bartlett" arriving in Port Adelaide on 1st October 1848 with wife Ann Carew nee RODMAN and baby Florence Anne who had been born aboard the ship. However these dates have now been disproven, particularly by the discovery of both Florence's birth & christening records during Spring 1849 in St Pancras London. That they did indeed sail aboard the "John Bartlett" from London is correct but it was on a following Adelaide-bound voyage which arrived in Port Adelaide on 15th November 1849 (local newspaper & AH's history).  

No satisfactory marriage record has yet been found in England for James & Ann. Suggestions so far have included that it might have been a Jewish ceremony or that they didn't actually marry. Whatever, a family story from Australia is that the liaison was not exactly popular with either set of parents so the couple emigrated to avoid the "noise". At the time of Florence Ann's Christening in April 1849, James & Annie were living in Queen St, St Pancras, James being shown with the occupation of Engineer.

Ann Carew Rodman was one of the three children of Samuel and Sarah RODMAN who were all Christened together on 21st April 1826 at Saint John The Evangelist, Lambeth, Surrey. 

This splendid church opposite Waterloo Station on Waterloo Road in London was the first of the "Waterloo Churches" built to commemorate the victory at the eponymous battle. It was started in 1822 and consecrated in 1824 so was still quite new when Ann Carew RODMAN and her siblings Mary Ann and William Samuel were all Christened together there. In the baptism register, Samuel is shown as a Jeweller and the family home as at "Curtis' Hatch" (sic). A 'Hatch' was usually a pathway over private land which required payment of a half-penny toll to traverse but Curtis's Hatch - seemingly not far to the east of the church - was an exception in that the tolls were waived by the landowner. 

No mention of sibling Mary Ann can be found after 1841 but William is consistently shown in all following censuses as also having been born in 1826 so, given the Christening was in the Spring of 1826, it is plausible that at least William & Ann were twins. It has been suggested that the Rodmans came from Germany as the surname is found there but it can also be traced back in England .... and further than Beckwith!

Ann's parentage is proving very difficult to trace with any certainty and is not aided by the websites of some of her descendents seemingly plucking out the first Samuel Rodman proffered by Ancestry. As can be imagined, this gives some improbable if not hilarious results. The 1841 census shows both Samuel & Sarah as born in Middlesex in 1796 (so, due to the age rounding, this means 1791-1796)  and that, by then, the family had moved 'north of the river' to Eve Place, St Giles in the Fields, Finsbury (near Moorgate station) and included a 4th child, Emma born in Middlesex in 1829. Samuel & Sarah  later moved to St Pancras where she died in 1854 at the age of 57 (so b1796/7) and he in 1873 at the age of 80 (confirming the b1793 Lewisham in the 1871 census). Whether or not Sarah was nee CAREW remains unproven (the only really plausible marriage is of a Samual Redman to a Sarah Russell in Marylebone in mid 1823) but, irrespective, the story from Australia is that she was a great niece of the famous Vice-Admiral Sir Samuel Hood (1762-1814).

Going back to James Beckwith, he died on 3 Mar 1872 in the Adelaide area at quoted age of 43, his early death being due to his having suffered badly from exposure to the sun whilst working on erecting the Adelaide to Darwin Overland Telegraph line. It is family belief that it was his successor who discovered Alice Springs. This is quite plausible as James was invalided out of the Telegraph service at the very end of 1870 and Alice Springs was discovered and named by "Government Surveyor WW Mills" in March 1871 (History of Alice Springs). 

Ann Carew Beckwith (generally shown as Anne in Australia) died on 3rd May 1902 in Glenelg, South Australia, at stated age of 74 (when she must have been at least 76). The Obit for Ann in 'The Advertiser' of Monday 5 May 1902 quotes :

"Mrs. James Beckwith, who died on Saturday at Glenelg, arrived in South Australia with her late husband in 1849 by the ship John Bartlett.  She lived in Adelaide until about 16 years ago, when she removed to Glenelg, where she made many friends, and was highly respected.  Her husband was connected with the Telegraph Department at the time of the construction of the overland telegraph line to Port Darwin.  He was in charge of section C. The deceased lady has left two sons, Mr. R. J. Beckwith, telegraph-master at Burrundie; Mr. E. C. Beckwith, of Prospect; and four daughters, Mrs. B. J. Furnell, of North Adelaide, Mrs. J. W. Sanderson & Mrs. R. J. Whitfield, both of Glenelg; and Mrs. T. G. Blackwell, of Medindie and 20 grandchildren." 

For more details of their offspring, please see Tree 9


Joseph Beckwith - probably b late 1829, baptised 8th April 1830 at St James Clerkenwell. Shown in the parental home age 11 in 1841 census.  

Appears age 21 in the 1851 census in Highgate Village (with his widowed father and sister Ann) as a 'Boot Maker' but three years later when he obtained his Goldsmith's Freedom by Patrimony on 4th October 1854 he was working as a 'brass finisher' and living back in the Beckwith enclave around St John St, London.  (Colin Trotman, great grandson of Joseph, has inherited the original Freedom document). In 1857 he is recorded as a watchmaker living in Kennington close to brother Robert William.

On 18th Dec 1853 in Clerkenwell, he married Elizabeth Maria MORRIS. There were several girls by the name of Elizabeth Morris born in London between 1825 and 1835 but her marriage cert (above) and death cert (below) confirm that she was the daughter of Thomas John MORRIS (an engineer) and Elizabeth Maria ('Betsy') nee HOBDEN who had married at St Andrew Undershaft in 1828. The eldest of nine children, Elizabeth Maria was born 30th May 1830 then bap 27th June 1830 in Clerkenwell. In 1841, when the family was in Pool St, St Leonards, Shoreditch, Thomas and Betsy are both shown as born in Middlesex but 10 years later, when at 6 Clerkenwell Green, they are both shown as having been born in Kingston upon Hull in 1807.  

Joseph & Elizabeth emigrated to Australia and their ten offspring included a daughter who married into the Trotman family. Their son (A. Howard Trotman) visited the UK several times between 1957 and 1985, latterly making contact with Roger Beckwith, so the original tree of Joseph & Elizabeth's offspring probably came from or at least via him. Thanks to some great help from various descendents, this has now been updated and corrected - please see Tree 8 and Tree 8 Notes 

Their first two children were born in the UK - Joseph Thomas Beckwith born in Holborn in Dec qtr 1854 and Ann Elizabeth Beckwith b 24/10/1857 in Newington (Elephant & Castle area of S London) & bap 26/11/1857 at St Paul Newington. Their third child, James Henry, was born in Australia in 1860 so points to emigration between late 1857 and 1860. Hence the earlier theory of Joseph's emigration on the ship 'Orient' which sailed from London and arrived in Port Adelaide on 24th Sep 1856 is now most unlikely, as is the family legend that he emigrated at the same time and on the same ship as his brother James (above) as that was 1849.

Thanks to Kris of Rootschat, a little of what a certain Joseph Beckwith is alleged to have got up to in Australia has been found in the South Australian Police Gazettes of 1889-1890. The 8th Oct 1890 edition covers the end of the story under the heading "Prisoners discharged from Yatala Labour Prison"

BECKWITH Joseph, tried at supreme court on 2 Apr 1889 for entering a dwelling house at night with intent to steal, sentenced to two years hard labour, a native of London. a sailmaker, born 1829, height 5'3", complexion dark and bronzed, hair light brown, eyes grey, nose medium and rather broad, mouth medium, chin small, vaccine left arm. Freedom due 6 Oct 1890

Now Yatala Prison is in Adelaide and both the birth year & birthplace do fit but there's no evidence to pin this on 'our' Joseph. On the contrary in fact as a record has been traced of 'our' Joseph leaving Adelaide aboard the ship 'Otway' on Aug 9th, 1883 (JT) , almost 6 years before the theft case came to trial, and the whole of Joseph's family became based in W Australia  thereafter. Perhaps the 'sailmaker' culprit then was the Joseph who emigrated to Adelaide aboard the Orient in 1856 ?

Joseph's death certificate quotes his occupation as Telegraph Lineman and other documents have been seen which indicate that he was successful and good at his job.


Joseph died aged 73 on 22nd May 1902 and is buried in Apex Park Cemetery in Geraldton (N of Perth, WA) while Elizabeth Maria died on 6th May 1908 at Day Dawn in the Murchison District of WA ('Cando', Rootschat+Jane Trotman). In the Electoral rolls for both 1903 and 1906, she is shown on "domestic duties" together with youngest daughter Alice Springs Beckwith in Marine Terrace, Geraldton.  



Offspring of Elizabeth Beckwith & George Ivory (7.49)


An entry in the family bible says that they had 4 children to which has been added (in a different hand) "6 in 1833" and they were as follows (all born Clerkenwell) - 
- George Ivory (b 5/12/1818 - 1900) see 7.45 above re the double christening with his cousin James Walker.
- Mary Ann Ivory (bap 5/11/1820 -1905) 
- Charles Sage Ivory (b 1823 -1906)  
- Alfred Ivory (b 1825 - 1897) 
- William Ivory (1827-1838)
- Jane Elizabeth Ivory (1831-1848)

The four siblings who survived to adulthood were with their parents in 1851 at 53 Compton St Clerkenwell with both George and Alfred listed as Silversmiths whereas Charles was a Goldsmith (though they were not easy to find as they had been transcribed as 'Toory'). After the move in the late 50's to 8 St James Walk noted above and their mother's death, none of them has been traced in 1861, at least the younger three probably due to the missing census pages for St James Walk noted in 7.49 above. The younger 3 will be dealt with all together later on meanwhile the spotlight falls on George, or George 2 to avoid confusion with his father.


In his will of 1853, father George did "direct and request" his eldest son George to carry on his business of a silversmith during his mother's (Elizabeth's) life. (PH) This he seems to have done (as can be judged by the pieces at right) and, as a Master Silversmith at 8 St James Walk Clerkenwell, he in turn took on several apprentices during the 1850s but in an unusual reverse move following his near insolvency, the mark was transferred to his 70 year old mother in October 1860. 

Going back to March 1854, George married in Clerkenwell one Emily Rebecca Catherine Matthews (names as per her christening but shown on marriage as Emily Katherine Rebecca Matthews), the daughter of Sarah & Charles Matthews, a Master Cutler of Kings Head Court, Shoe Lane, St Brides in the City. 

Silver Salver 1855

 Silver Mug 1857 

Silver Ewer 1858
 (sold at auction in 2013)

The young couple had a daughter Emily in December 1854 but they split up around 1859 following George's  financial troubles so in the 1861 census both wife Emily & daughter Emily are back home with her parents in Kings Head Court in the City, ditto in 1871. There seems to have been no reconciliation because neither of them is with George in any census even though Emily snr was still listed as "married" in 1881 but she becomes a "widow" in 1891 even though George was living just a few stations away on the Northern Line. Emily snr died in 1898 in Clapham, SW London, having lived there with her daughter & son in law for some years. 

As for George, it may be the missing pages of the 61 census and paucity of the 71 to blame but he seems to disappear until re-surfacing in 1881 listed as a boarder in King Henry Walk, Islington (just off the Balls Pond Road) with occupation as Silversmith born "Yorkshire N K" while in 1885 he is living with his 3 siblings again.

Until the early 1880s, the three younger siblings were all together at 27 (rather than 8 earlier) St James Walk. Interestingly, in both 1871 (listed as 'Ivry') and 1881, Mary Ann is shown as the Head of the family and a Silversmith in her own right while Charles is now a Jeweller and Alfred still a Silversmith. While it appears that they moved house from 8 to 27 St James Walk, according to Culme's Directory, 8 and 27 are in fact one and the same property due to the house re-numberings of 1864 'in Napoleonic sequence' following the big changes to many roads in the area plus the creation of a new Holborn district. As time progressed, the street name has gradually changed to the grammatically correct St James's Walk. 

George produced some fine work before his disappearance but arguably it was younger brother Alfred who achieved the longer lasting recognition of his silverwork as his pieces are still valued by collectors and museums worldwide :


A goblet, tea + coffee service & wine ewer dating from 1860s & 70s plus his hallmark registered circa 1861 

Moving on to 1885, George makes an application for Relief from Goldsmiths (see photos below) which states that he rents a room from his sister at 18 Rheidol Terrace near the Angel, Islington. Witnesses say that he is in bad health due to Asthma so barely able to work to earn a living. One of the character witnesses was a Mr Jackson, his employer, who adds that he was apprenticed to George 'some 30 years earlier' so rather a reversal of fortune for George. This "Mr Jackson" has been traced as William Henry Jackson who was George's apprentice from 1851 and a nephew of George's aunt Sarah Beckwith who operated from Spencer Street, Clerkenwell working alone until 1887 then in fruitful partnership with Peter Henderson Deere.

No comment will  be made on Mr Cooke's assertion that George's troubles stemmed from "an extravagant wife and daughter who left many years ago".


Photos taken at Goldsmith's Hall 
by Jessica Bridge Frances, Nov 2019

Despite his poor health, George survived a further 15 years, dying in 1900, whereas Alfred died in 1897 so in the 1901 census it was just Mary Ann & Charles still at 18 Rheidol Terrace "living on their own means". Mary Ann died in 1905 and Charles 1906. (MGS)

Emily Ivory (jnr) was thus the only child of the four siblings - for more details, see 9-8.16 below.



Offspring of Thomas Beckwith & Sarah (7.73)


Ann Beckwith - b 25th May 1823 (mss dates sheet). No baptism so far found.

Shown aged 18 in 1841 with family at Hatton Wall. No marriage or death so far traced.


Sarah Beckwith - b 8th June 1825 (mss dates sheet & IGI). Bap 11th June 1826 at St Ann's Blackfriars but another source quotes St Thomas Blackfriars (same day). The gap between birth & baptism looks too long thereby (again) casting doubt on one or other of the years.

Not listed with family or found elsewhere in 1841. There is a burial record in the PRC for 1828 for a Sarah aged 2 (so b1826) at St Mary Magdalene, Old Fish Street but the mss dates sheet makes no mention of a death (see also Mary Ann below)


Mary Ann Beckwith - b 10th Sep 1827 (mss dates sheet), baptised 4th Nov 1827 at St Andrew by the Wardrobe (NB Ancestry quotes 4/11/1828) 

Not listed with family in 1841. A burial record has been found for a Mary Ann Beckwith, age 10 months, in 1828 at St Mary Magdalene, Old Fish Street but the mss dates sheet makes no mention of a death.

Aside - St Andrew's by the Wardrobe stands at Queen Victoria Street, EC4. The 'Wardrobe' of the name refers to the Church's proximity to the Royal Wardrobe, relocated from the Tower of London by Edward III, until both the Church and Wardrobe were destroyed in the Great Fire. The rebuilt Church contains a memorial to its most famous parishioner, William Shakespeare, who worked and lived nearby during his time at the Blackfriars.


James Beckwith - b 27th June 1829 (mss dates sheet). Baptised 19th July 1829 at St Mary Magdalene, Old Fish St. (PR.- One source listed the baptism as having been at St Mary Magdalene in Milk St. However, that was destroyed in the Fire of London and never rebuilt so the parish was united to St Lawrence Jewry in the late 1660's. St Mary Magdalene further west in Old Fish St (not far from St Paul's and not to be confused with Fish St Hill which is by the Monument) was likewise destroyed in the Fire of London but this was one of those selected for re-building by Sir Christopher Wren. Given that Old Fish St was where his sisters Mary Ann & Sarah (above) were buried just a few months earlier, this is a more plausible location. 10/2009 MGS &Wikipedia. Ancestry.Com now agrees! 09/2010 )

James appears in the 1841 census aged 12 living in Hatton Wall with mother Sarah, sister Ann (18) and brother John (4). According to an Apprentice Indenture from the Skinners Company, he was apprenticed to John Rawstone Miles on 4th Dec 1845. However in the 1851 census he is shown as a 21 yr old gas fitter (shades of the Surls & Vivians !) living at 31 Hatton Wall (with mother & brothers George & John). He then suffers from the records for him being mis-transcribed or hard to read but he has at last been tracked down in the 1861 census. Here he is indexed as James Beckwish but the original sheet does show 'Beckwith'. Anyway, he's a "boarder" at No 3 Churchyard Row, Newington where he is shown as having been born in Westminster (close enough, particularly if it was the landlord who answered the enumerator's questions) and with a totally illegible occupation. Churchyard Row adjoins Newington Butts ("Elephant & Castle" nowadays) so is just a stone's throw from where his brother John (below) was living at the time.

James is shown on one family tree as 'to America' and this is confirmed in a letter dated 12th Oct 1949 from his niece Nancy (daughter of Thomas John immediately below) to her niece Marjorie  "Father's eldest brother James went to America as a young man and was lost sight of"

In the manuscript document (reproduced in 7.73 above) likely written after his father's death in 1864, his three younger brothers are noted as being at Bowling Green Lane, Clerkenwell whereas James is at "Crane Court" (just off Fleet St) as a "Doctor's illegible word but could be Locumm " . His departure would therefore seem to have been after 1865 but probably before 1871 as he would then hardly have been a 'young man' and there is no sign of him anywhere in that year's UK census or indeed in 1881.

There was a fanciful thought that because his brother Thomas John (below) was living in St Olave in Dec 1880, the marriage record found there for a James might just be him (possibly during a visit back to England) but this has now been disproven (that James has now been traced in the 1881 census and found to have been only 23 yrs old). 

An altogether different possibility comes from the US 1880 census. There is a James Beckwith, born 1829 in England, who was living in Bridgeport, Fairfield, Connecticut. One slight problem is the occupation - 'Dyer' - but he could conceivably have changed direction as well as continent in the intervening decades. For the record, his wife was Imogene Beckwith (b New York in 1850) and children were Edith P D Beckwith (b1879 in Bridgeport) and Henry Beckwith (b1863 in New York). Yes, born 1863 ... and shown as a 17yr old boy working 'in a Dye Shop'. Hence the dates don't quite tie up so that James is looking less likely to be 'ours' but, all the same, the mother & son's birth years do look rather suspect.

The plot thickens. Perhaps, like the 'gas-fitter' Surls, he went to South America, not North. Hmm.


Thomas John Beckwith - b 29th Feb 1832 (mss dates sheet). Bap St James, Clerkenwell, 1st July 1832.

Like his two younger brothers, he was born in Bowling Green Lane, Clerkenwell. However, as a 9 year old in 1841, he is shown living at Charlton Crescent (was nr Upper St, Islington, close to 'The Angel') in the household of one Richard Hayes (35, house decorator), wife Harriet (20, nee Cromer), daughter Harriet (7 months) and two servants. (Because there are no house/flat numbers in the listing, the enumerator merely made a double slash mark at the start of each new 'household' . TJ is shown below one Mary Sharpe, the second of two consecutive 15yr old 'female servants' but there is a double slash between the two servants as well as one below TJ thereby making it appear that just Mary & TJ are a household.!  Anyway, Richard Hayes died in 1846 so Harriet and daughter Harriet moved back in with her parents, Henry and Mary Eliza Cromer, in Chelsea. Although Henry was a clerk in the Post Office and came from Iver in Bucks, no relationship with the Beckwiths is immediately apparent )

In 1851 he is still at 6 Charlton Cresc (just off Camden Market, north of the Angel Islington) but this time he appears as a 19yr old 'junior master at Lady Owen's School, Clerkenwell' and 'nephew' to head-of-family "widow" Ann SLIGH (b 1801 in Aylesbury). Ann Sligh and TJ's mother Sarah were both born in Aylesbury within 5 years of one another so it was thought that perhaps they were sisters, thereby making TJ Ann's nephew.  As with TJ's mother Sarah, this was at least half right but until more records come on-line, sister or half-sister can't yet be proved. Ann was not actually married to George SLIGH, she seems to have been his companion or carer at the end of his life and when he died c1849, he left No 6 Charlton Cresc to her in his will so she took his name (presumably in gratitude) and styled herself 'widow'. However she was clearly not in the best of health herself as she died shortly after the 1851 census. In her will (as Ann Sligh aka Ann Ivatts) she left everything to nephew TJ via a trust administered by his father until he reached the age of 21. The conundrum is that if Ann was actually born in 1801, she would have been Sarah's full sister but should likewise have had the surname Pricket as 1801 was 6 years after her mother's 2nd marriage whereas if she was the Ann Ivatts born 1789 during her mother's 1st marriage, she was a half-sister who had shaved a mighty 12 years off her age in 1851 !      

Returning to TJ, at the time of his admission into the Goldsmiths' Company (4th April 1860), he was a 'hospital clerk' and was living at 22, Roman Road, Barnesbury. One of his testimonies was made by Robert William Beckwith (his father's first cousin), a 'citizen and Goldsmith of London'. The birth certificate for TJ's second son George Ivatts Beckwith (b12/02/1861) qualifies his occupation as Clerk, King's College Hospital and Thomas's own diary for 1865 records his employment still by Kings College Hospital. He subsequently became secretary to the governors of St Olave's Grammar School in Southwark and is shown in 1881 as living at 70 Queen Elizabeth St, Southwark with a local girl employed as a house servant. In 1891 he is still shown as a "Schools Secretary" but the family had moved back north of the Thames to 31, Tollington Place, Islington. 

He died on 10th April 1892. A letter to his widow Eliza from the school on 15th April 1892 starts "at a special meeting of the Governors held here yesterday, I was desired to convey to you ... their sincere sympathy ... in your sad and sudden bereavement" and later continues "the value of the long and faithful service rendered to the school by your late husband" so it seems that the death was unexpected and that he was still employed by them at the time.

In St Pancras on 5th Dec 1858 he married Eliza FINALL, b 14th October 1838 in Islington, died 3rd Dec 1908 Stroud Green. For details of her forebears and siblings, please see Tree 10. Contrary to family legend about Eliza being from Whitby, that tree shows that the Finall family were originally from Northamptonshire. However, Eliza's Father, William, was in service just north of Whitby in the early 1830's where he met and married local girl Hannah Mackenzie and the first of their three children, William (jnr), was also born there. Hence, Eliza and her elder sister Maria (b Clerkenwell) had no direct connection with Whitby but their mother, Hannah, was from a long-standing Whitby family, so this is probably where the confusion arose. Incidentally, according to Thomas John's diary, it seems that Maria was living with him and Eliza in 1865.  

Sometime after February 1894, two years after Thomas's death, Eliza and the remaining family moved to 48 Victoria Road, Stroud Green - she is shown there in 1901 with George, Jessie, Nancy and Ellen ('Nell'). The final move in the early 1900's was to 28, Ossian Road, Stroud Green. This became the family home for at least a decade and it was there that Eliza died in 1908 after a short illness (see Index page for photo of her c1907).

For details of their offspring, please see Tree 2 and Tree 2 Notes (or simplified Tree 2s for only generations 9-12) 


George Henry Beckwith - b 25th Nov 1834 (mss dates sheet) in Clerkenwell. Baptised 1st March 1835 at St James in Clerkenwell..

Appears in 1851 census as a 16 yr old errand boy living at 31 Hatton Wall (with his mother & two brothers). 

On Mar 12th 1854 at St James Clerkenwell George married Maria Ann BLAIN (b c 1836 in Clerkenwell, daughter of Richard). In 1841 she is shown (aged 4) with her mother, also a Maria (35), and sister Isabella (6) in Easton St., Clerkenwell (just off Rosebury Avenue & Farringdon Road). Although Blain seems mainly to have been a Cumbrian name at that time, there were three male deaths in the London area between the start of BMD records in Sep 1837 and the time of the 1841 census including her father Richard in Mar qtr 1839 in Clerkenwell.

Ten years later on, in 1851, Maria is shown as age 15 working as a servant for Thomas & Sarah Beckwith at 31 Hatton Wall .... which nicely explains how she came to meet George Henry (also a servant for them at that time, about a year her senior and who knows just what went on below stairs). Incidentally, Maria's sister Isabella was also in service in 1851 but there is no sign of mother Maria.  

In 1861 George is at 32, Charlotte Street, Islington as a "Bookbinders Warehouseman" but this time Maria is shown as 'Maria H' and born 1837 in St Andrews Holborn. Their two children, Louisa Maria (b1856) and Ann Sophia (b1858) are both correctly also shown as born St Andrews Holborn but the census calls the latter 'Ann J'. Ten years later the family is in Ashburton Grove, St Mary Islington but George's occupation isn't shown and the two daughters have been replaced by one Emily E, aged 6, born 'Middlesex' in 1865. Ten years on again, George is shown in 1881 as a 'Bookbinders Warehouse Man' living at 1 Larne Terrace, Templeton Rd, Islington with his wife and their 16yr old daughter Emily Elizabeth. 

George obtained the Goldsmith's Freedom by Patrimony in 1888, at which time he was living at 28 Devonshire Street in Islington, but he died not long afterwards - Mar qtr 1891 in Islington 'age 55'.

In the 1891 census, Maria is still in Islington (at 27, Hanover St) with her unmarried daughter Emily. As Maria is not in the 1901 census, a plausible death record for her is in Brentford, Middx in June 1899 ... the same registration district and year of death as her second cousin Robert William Beckwith (II).

For George & Maria's daughters please see 9-8.26 below 


John Beckwith - b 17th April 1837 (mss dates sheet) in Clerkenwell. Baptised 28th May 1837 at St James Clerkenwell. 

Appears in 1841 census as a 4yr old living with his mother and two siblings in Hatton Wall then, in 1851 as a 13 yr old 'errand boy' living at 31 Hatton Wall (with mother & two brothers).

At St Giles Church in Camberwell 16th April 1864 he married Annie SNOWDEN. The marriage certificate (kindly supplied by MLRobins) quotes Annie as the daughter of Robert Snowden "pianoforte maker" of Grove Lane, Camberwell. In the 1851 census, her birthplace is just 'UK' when listed as a 12 yr old Pauper Scholar in Limehouse Workhouse ("Childrens Establishment of the Stepney Union"), the daughter of a Piano Forte Maker. Census info after her marriage confirms her age (= born between late1838 and early1840) and gives her birthplace as the Marylebone/St Georges area of what is now the borough of Westminster.

Tracing her and her parents has otherwise been distinctly unfruitful. No trace can be found of Robert Snowden in the 1841-61 censuses nor any birth record for an 'Ann' or 'Annie' in the Westminster & adjoining areas of London area from Sep1837 to Dec1840. One remote possibility is that the birth was wrongly recorded (in Westminster) as Ann Shenton in Dec 1838. She too has yet to be positively traced in both the 1841 and 1861 censuses.  

John Beckwith is shown on the marriage certificate as a Bachelor, Engraver, resident of 'High Street Kennington', son of Thomas Beckwith, Gentleman. One of the witnesses is Thomas J Beckwith but the second initial suggests that this is more likely to have been his brother (to whom he was particularly close) rather than father for whom no second initial has ever been located.

In 1871 the family is living at 80 Newington Butts London SE1 but on 25th March 1877 he took a 21 year lease on 94 Newington Butts  "as a dwelling and business premises". He is consistently shown throughout as an 'Engraver, General' and the Goldsmith's Freedom by Patrimony in 1888 again confirms him being an engraver living at 94 Newington Butts. He also leased 5, Peacock Yard as business premises and his son, John Snowden Beckwith, was apprenticed to him.

Also in 1877 - on 12th July to be precise - he was appointed as "Deputy Registrar of Births & Deaths" for the sub-district of St Mary Newington in St Saviour's, Surrey (ie Southwark).

According to the death certificate, John Beckwith died at home - 94 Newington Butts - on 28/12/1906 from heart failure & exhaustion at the age of 69. This is corroborated by a note in (his niece) Nell Beckwith's diary for 28th Dec 1906 that  "Uncle John died". John's great-granddaughter Margaret Louise Robins adds that his will was proven by a Robert William Beckwith, solicitor, of 11 King St EC1. Without much doubt this  was 'Robert William Beckwith (III)', the son of RWB (II) who had lived close to John in Newington for many years.

It looks probable that Annie pre-deceased him as there is no mention of her in his will and there is a death record for an Annie Beckwith aged 66 in Dec qtr of 1904 in Southwark which is about right age-wise.

For details of the known offspring see Tree 12 Notes but there could well have been others who died young.

 Generation 9



Offspring of Robert William Beckwith (II) & Heloise Petronelle Estelle Capelle (8.11) - please see Tree 7


Offspring of George Ivory and Emily Rebecca Catherine Matthews (8.16)


Emily Ivory b Dec 1854. 

In July 1878 in the parish of St George's Hanover Square in London she married John Christian Francis Bülow (b1851), son of immigrant German tailor Johann J C Bülow (1810-1879) and Londoner Caroline Bird (1820-1903). His listed occupation in the censuses was 'Clerk' and the couple lived in Clapham (Wandsworth Reg Dist) virtually all their married lives but his death was recorded in the Lambeth district at the age of just 47 in Q1 1898.  Their children . . . some of whom perpetuated the umlaut over the 'u' and others did not but all are shown here without for simplicity . . were:

Percy John A Bulow          1879-1941 in Hampstead
Violet Frances Bulow         1881-1926 in Richmond, Surrey (unmarried)
Arthur Carl F Bulow          1883-1944 in Cambridge
Gordon Bulow                   1885-1958 in Colchester, Essex
Annie May Bulow              1890-1899 in Steyning, Sussex
Jack Hollingsworth Bulow  1891-1965 in Camberley, Surrey
Minnie Gwendoline Bulow  1893-married 1919 Frederick Gray in Mutford, Suffolk, d1985 in Wandsworth

The death of Annie May in Steyning Disrtict has echoes in the Surl family as the German born husband of photographer Ann Surl died there in 1903, just 4 years after Annie May, and equally a place with which the family had no previously known connection. As Steyning covers part of coastal Sussex (aka Costa Geriatrica) including parts of Brighton as well as Hove and Shoreham, the suggestion has been made that they were suffering from TB and a spell in a coastal sanatorium was prescribed.              

Whatever, by 1901 most of the family were living in Brighton where Emily is listed as widow Minnie Bulow, a pianist, with Violet (20) a barmaid, Gordon (16) an Office Boy and Jack H (9). Quite why Emily is listed as "Minnie" is not known - a stage name perhaps ? - whereas young Minnie Gwendoline appears in both 1901 & 1911 as just Gwendoline, the former when visiting Matthews relatives in Oxford, the latter when living with sister Violet in Barnes, but reverts to Minnie Gwendoline upon marriage and thereafter. 

Anyway, Emily died in Brighton in 1903 and, as can be seen from the locations above, the family then became widely dispersed over South & East England..   


Offspring of Thomas John Beckwith & Eliza Finall (8.25) - please see Tree 2


Offspring of George Henry Beckwith & Maria Ann Blain (8.26


They were thought to have only had the one child - Emily - and, as she did not marry, this line to have ended with her. However, at the end of 2009, two more daughters were traced in the 1861 census and whilst one promptly then disappears again, the other was responsible for at least a further generation and that line could even still be extant today. As always, more info welcome !


Louisa Maria Beckwith - b Aug 17th 1856 in Holborn, bap 2nd Nov 1856 at St Andrew's (PR-Anc) 

With her parents in 1861 age 5 but in 1871 in service at age 15 in the household of William T Clayton in Devonshire St, Islington (same street as her parents moved to later on). 

Married in Islington in Jun qtr1880 William FORMAN, a 'packer' born in St James, Middx in 1848, but in both the 1851 & 1881 censuses the name is shown as FOREMAN, the former entry suggesting that his parents came from Suffolk to live in St Pancras and the latter when he was listed at 47 Cardington St, Euston together with Louisa Maria and brand new arrival Edna Louisa. Ten years later he is back to FORMAN and more precisely a 'furniture packer' when listed at 63 Lawrence Road, Edmonton. Their 5 children are listed as : Edna Louisa (Mar qtr 1881), Gertrude Emily (Mar qtr 1882), Florence Annie (29/03/1883) all born in Euston, St Pancras thence Belina J (1887) (actually Helena Julia but this is a census remember!) and Sidney Charles (qtr 1, 1889) both born in Edmonton.

In 1901 Louisa and William are still in Edmonton, but now at 1, Argyle Rd, and have only Helena and Sidney at home. In 1911 it's just the two of them & they are back in St Pancras (more convenient for the Eurostar of course) at 31 Seymour Buildings, Churchway, Somers Town. No absolutely positive death records have been found for either but there is one probable fit for William Forman - at age 84 in Mar 1933 in Edmonton (hence Louisa being a shown as a widow in 1939) - and Louisa in Chichester in Q4 1952, aet 97.

No further research has been undertaken on their offspring other than -

  • Edna Louisa Forman - died age 13 Mar qtr 1894 in London City district.

  • Gertrude Emily Forman - married in Edmonton in Mar qtr 1904 William MANSFIELD, a Tramway Motorman b1881 in Lambeth; in 1911 living in Lwr Edmonton with daughters Edith (6) & Iris (3).

  • Florence Annie Forman - married in Kingston in 1906 William G W VARDY, b03/1/1881, a wheelwright from Hampshire; in 1911 living in Walthamstow with sons Sidney (4), Charles (2) and Alfred (0). In 1939 they are @ 58 St Ann's Rd Barking together with mother Louisa ('Widow') 

  • Helena Julia Forman - married Jun qtr 1908 Frank Housley SWAINSTON, a carpenter from Nunhead; living in 1911 in Gloucester Road, Ur Edmonton with daughter Gladys born 1910.

  • Sidney Charles Forman - Not found anywhere in 1911 but there are plausible marriages in 1907 in Grimsby & in Mar qtr1914 in Edmonton (to Rose E WOODLAND) .   


Ann Sophia Beckwith - b Sep qtr 1858 in Holborn  (BMD) - Holborn St Andrew's (1861 Census)

She appears in the 1861 census at the parental home as "Ann J Beckwith" then in 1871 as Anne Beckworth (age 12 & born in Holborn), a domestic servant in the household of Isaac & Matilda Harrington in Isledon Road, Islington. In 1881 she is again listed as Anne Beckworth but with the correct age of 23, born at "St Andrew, Middlesex" and working as a housemaid at 51-59 Buckingham Palace Road - now the Thistle Hotel - and diagonally opposite the Royal Mews. 

After this she seems to disappear from the records - an Annie Beckwith has been traced in 1891 working as a "Housemaid, Domestic Servant" in Kensington but the age - 36 - is 3 yrs adrift and the birthplace is given also as 'Kensington, Middx'. No census entries can be traced for an Ann/Anne/Annie Beckwith or Beckworth in either 1901 or 1911 and, similarly, no death or plausible marriage have been located either. An emigration record does exist for an Annie Beckwith who left Liverpool on the British Princess for Philadelphia on 6th July 1892 but other than that she was single, no other details are given which might help...or hinder. So she's still rather a mystery but unless this story is completely wrong, it it doesn't appear that she married and/or had children.


Emily Eliza Beckwith - b 9th Feb 1865 in Clerkenwell (PR) and the diary of her father's brother, Thomas John Beckwith, notes that on 9th Feb 1865 "George's wife confined - girl". She was baptised on 15th Sep 1868 at St John the Baptist, Hoxton. NB This Emily E is not to be confused with Emily Elizabeth Beckwith who was born in the same quarter of 1865 in Newington, Surrey (also a Beckwith enclave) to Alfred & Elizabeth Beckwith originally from Hertfordshire so (at least currently) no apparent relation.   

Shown age 16 in 1881 as just 'Emily E' living with parents in Islington as a 'Bookfolder' and in 1891 with her widowed mother as a 'Bookbinder'. Thereafter though there's a distinct change of direction (probably following her mother's death) for in 1901 she has been traced to a nursing home in High Street, Buckingham, Bucks, where she is shown as "Hospital Nurse Sick" and still single at age 36. She is still there ten years later (now as 'Nursing Home Nurse & Midwife'), still single but recorded this time fully as 'Emily Eliza'. The death of an Emily E Beckwith, age 51, is recorded back in Southwark in 1915.


Offspring of John Beckwith & Annie Snowden (8.27) - please see Tree 12


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